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Residential leasehold and freehold conveyancing, what are they?

Saturday July 15, 2023


When it comes to buying or selling a residential property, understanding the differences between leasehold and freehold conveyancing is crucial. The legal aspects and implications of each type of ownership can significantly impact your rights and responsibilities as a homeowner. Here, we provide a comprehensive guide to help you navigate the complexities of residential leasehold and freehold conveyancing, empowering you to make informed decisions throughout the process.

Leasehold Conveyancing:

In a leasehold property, you own the leasehold interest in the property but not the land it sits on. Here are some key points to note:

Leasehold Ownership: Leasehold properties are typically flats or apartments, where the land is owned by a freeholder or landlord. As a leaseholder, you have a lease agreement that outlines the terms and conditions of your ownership, including the length of the lease and any associated ground rent or service charges.

Leasehold Enfranchisement: Leaseholders may have the right to extend their lease or collectively purchase the freehold of the property through a process known as leasehold enfranchisement. This can provide greater control and potentially increase the property’s value.

Leasehold Covenants: Leasehold properties often have specific covenants and restrictions that leaseholders must adhere to, such as obtaining consent for alterations or paying service charges for the maintenance of communal areas. It is essential to understand these obligations before proceeding with a leasehold purchase.

Freehold Conveyancing:

In contrast, freehold properties provide outright ownership of both the property and the land it stands on. Here are some vital things to consider:

Absolute Ownership: As a freeholder, you have full control and ownership rights over the property and the land. You are not subject to lease agreements or ground rents, providing more flexibility and independence.

Maintenance and Responsibility: Unlike leasehold properties, freehold properties grant the owner sole responsibility for the maintenance and repairs of the property. This includes the upkeep of any shared or communal areas if applicable.

Subdivisions and Easements: Freehold properties may have subdivisions or easements that grant specific rights of access or usage to neighbouring properties. These should be carefully reviewed and understood during the conveyancing process.

Conveyancing Process:

Regardless of whether you are buying a leasehold or freehold property, the conveyancing process involves several key steps:

Property Searches: Various searches are conducted to assess potential issues such as planning permissions, environmental factors, and property boundaries. These searches help uncover any potential risks or liabilities associated with the property.

Legal Documentation: The conveyancing solicitor prepares and reviews legal documents, including contracts, title deeds, and transfer documents, to ensure all legal aspects are accurately represented and protect your interests.

Financial Considerations: Your solicitor will handle financial transactions, including liaising with mortgage lenders and managing the transfer of funds to complete the purchase or sale.

Completion and Registration: Once all necessary checks and documentation are complete, the property transaction reaches completion. The solicitor assists with the registration of your ownership with the Land Registry.

Seek professional guidance

Understanding the nuances of residential leasehold and freehold conveyancing is vital for a smooth and successful property transaction. Whether you are considering a leasehold or freehold property, it is crucial to engage the services of an experienced conveyancing solicitor who can guide you through the process, provide legal advice, and ensure compliance with all legal obligations.

Our dedicated team of conveyancing experts is ready to assist you every step of the way, ensuring a seamless experience and protecting your interests as you navigate the world of property ownership. Contact us today to discuss your specific needs.


Understanding the difference between leasehold and freehold conveyancing is essential when buying or selling property. Here, CWC delves into the topic in detail…